American Pscyhological Association (APA) provides guidelines on formatting and citing sources when you are writing.
Parenthetical/in-text Citations Examples
In-text citations are required when you either paraphrase information, or use a direct quote. Here’s an example:
Students with certified school librarians, “demonstrate greater research skills, flexibility in information gathering, and more capacity to synthesize information” than their peers who graduated from high schools that did not employ certified librarians (McNerney, 2008, p. 18).
Recent school library research reveals that students in schools with certified school librarians are more academically successful in college (McNerney, 2008, p. 18).
Parenthetical/In-text Citations Flow Chart
Your parenthetical (in-text) citations will include information on three topics. The flow chart below guides you on each of these topics:
- Publication year
- ORIGINAL page numbers when the source was published
Click here for a larger version of this chart.